More Facts about Manas National Park
The state of Assam consists of 17 wildlife sanctuaries and 7 national parks. Two out of 7 national parks are enlisted under the UNESCO World Heritage Sites - The Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park. Among the two, the Kaziranga National Park experiences more tourist footfall than Manas. However the Manas National Park is no less than the topmost preferred national parks in India.
Here are a few points to enrich you about the emergence of Manas National Park
- 1. Earlier known as a reserved forest, Manas bagged the recognition of UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Natural) in 1985 and on 7th September, 1990 it was declared a National Park.
- 2. Before 1928, the forest was a hunting reserve for the royal families, named as North Kamrup Wildlife Sanctuary. After that it was elevated to Manas wildlife sanctuary on 1st December, 1928, then to Project Tiger Reserve in 1973.
- 3. Stretched over an area of 519.77 sq km, the park is a habitat to 22 most threatened wild species of India, listed in Schedule 1 of India's National Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
- 4. Due to rigorous poaching during the Bodo uprising in the 1990s, the Indian Rhinos were declared extinct, until 2007, when they re-introduced at Manas National Park.
- 5. Rhino translocation began under the Indian Rhino Vision, where 18 Rhinos were brought to Manas in 2008 and under the Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation moved 8 more, resulting in the total population of 32 Indian Rhinos at Manas National Park.
- 6. Till 2019 it took the Rhino population to stabilise and safety was ensured to these animals.
- 7. Indian Rhino Vision (IRV), 2020 is the collaboration of Assam’s government, the World Wide Fund for Nature, the International Rhino foundation, the U.S. Fish and World Wildlife Foundation and the Bodoland Territorial Council.
- 8. The IRV projects aimed at increasing the One-horned Rhino population to at least 3000 and evenly settle them among the 7 national parks in Assam by 2020.
- 9. The Rhinos were being relocated from the overcrowded areas like Pobitora and Kaziranga to the lesser crowded ones like Manas, and left them to breed.
- 10. Along with excessive poaching in Manas National Park, another serious challenge faced by Manas was Timber smuggling, in the past.
- 11. However, there is strict vigilance in these areas at present, and with the assistance of the park authorities to the IVR partnership, the issues are under control and the evil-practices have declined drastically.
- 12. The Manas national park is governed by the two legislations - the Indian Forest Act, 1927/Assam Forest Regulation 1891 and The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- 13. The authorities of the Assam Forest Department and the Bodoland Territorial Council are responsible for the management of the Manas National Park.